中国林业科学研究院副院长金旻在“桉树在亚洲”会议上的讲话

时间:2003-4-8 0:00:00    来自:桉树中心    浏览数:2032

中国引种桉树已有100多年历史,自从1990年在这里召开国际桉树学术研讨会至今十二年多时间,中国改革开放取得巨大成就。桉树作为中国南方人工速生丰产林主栽树种之一,获得了前所未有的发展。迄今,中国桉树人工林面积超过154万公顷,已成为中国南方具有代表性和标志性的人工林速生树种。

随着中国生态环境建设的加强,天然林保护工程的实施,木材资源结构将逐步从利用天然林为主向利用人工林为主过渡。为实现中国跨越式发展,国家林业局正在实施林业六大工程建设,桉树作为中国南方发展商品原料林基地的首选树种。中国政府为鼓励桉树的发展正在逐步实施,如逐步实施降低桉树作为小径材原木销售的税费、实行贴息贷款、放宽采伐限额、加速林地流转等一系列优惠政策;同时,加强桉树利用,正在筹建几个以桉树为主要原料的大型木浆厂和人造板厂。可以说,中国政府为桉树的发展已经创造了良好的机遇。

通过中国国家级科技攻关项目、国际合作项目(特别是与澳大利亚的合作)、国际引进项目、省部级重点科学研究项目及与地方的合作研究,中国林业科学研究院及有关省区林业科研部门和生产单位在桉树研究方面取得了令人瞩目的成绩。但是,中国桉树的发展为我们科技工作者提供了新的挑战,随着科学技术的日益更新,桉树研究也有待向更新的层次,更高的水平,更新的方向发展。今天,我们聚集了来自五大洲的100多名桉树研究专家,共同探讨桉树在亚洲的发展,这对我们来说是一个极好的学习与提高的机遇。并希望我们能更进一步加强合作。同时,我也确信,在广大从事桉树研究与生产工作者的努力下,在与国外研究人员的合作下,中国桉树将获得更快的发展,区等更大的成就。

在此,我谨代表中国林业科学研究院江泽慧院长,向出席本次研讨会的领导和国内外专家表示热烈欢迎和美好的祝愿。向关心和支持这次会议的单位和朋友们表示衷心的感谢!最后,预祝大会圆满成功!


 

Jin Min, Deputy president, Chinese Academy of Forestry

 

In 1990, the China Eucalypt Research Centre hosted the first International Conference on Eucalypts ever held in China to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the introduction of eucalypts to this country. Now, 13 years later, China has made substantial economic progress thanks to policies of economic reform, as well as the wider spread development of eucalypt plantations. Today there are over one and half millions hectares of eucalypts in China and they are now the most important and widespread fast-growing plantation species in southern provinces. Increasingly, this importance is also being recognized and understood by general public.

 

The Chinese Academy of Forestry, local research institutes and forest growers have together worked very hard for many years and achieved great success in eucalypt research through National Projects, International Cooperation Projects and various other projects. In particular, China is grateful for the significant help Australia and Australian research institutions, particularly CSIRO, have offered China. This research has elevated to new heights the technologies on breeding, silviculture, control and prevention of pests and disease, as well as wood processing of eucalypts. Today, here in Zhanjiang, there are over 100 eucalypt research experts from four continents gathering to explore the new development of eucalypts in Asia. This is a good chance for us all to learn and improve our important knowledge.

 

I believe that eucalypts in China will continue to increase rapidly, not only in plantation area and quality, but also in terms of wood using industries and economic benefits. As in the past, the future increase will be built on the endeavors of eucalypt researchers and growers as well as on the expansion and strengthening of foreign cooperation and communication.

 

The consumption patterns of wood resources in China is currently changing from dependence on natural forests to plantation resources. Today, sustainable development is an essential criterion and all China’s natural forests are to be reserved in perpetuity. Eucalypts have now been grown successfully in China for many years, and they have become the first choice for establishment of commercial plantations in the southern provinces. To encourage the further development of eucalypts, the Chinese government is increasing their support to eucalypt research whilst also improving economic policies pertaining to eucalypt plantations and wood processing industries, such as decreasing taxes and fees for selling small diameter timbers; subsidized interest rates on loan funds; reductions of limitations on plantation harvesting; acceleration of forest land exchanges; etc. Furthermore, the Chinese government is working to expand the industrial processing capacity for eucalypt timbers. At present, several large-scale pulp mills and wood-based panel factories are planning to establish in China that will be based on eucalypt as the main raw material. Clearly, the conditions for developing eucalypt industries are now very favourable in China.

 

Now, on behalf of the president of the Chinese Academy of Forestry, Madam Jiang Zehui, I would like to welcome all the officials and experts for coming here, and sincerely thank all the organizations and friends who are in support and care about the conference. Finally, I wish that the conference will get a great success!

 

                                          2003年4月8日

 


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